Growing concern for the environment and measures restricting individual car use in towns and cities have bolstered the attractiveness of public transport.
But public transport users are also pedestrians, cyclists and motorists. They want to be able to switch easily from one mode of transport to another at any point in their journey, travelling by metro, RER, bus, bicycle, foot, car sharing, car pooling or self-service rental car… For RATP, putting eco-mobility at the heart of its sustainable development policy means taking into account these expectations and improving the overall efficiency of the transport network.
Eco-mobility: a major challenge
Transport users want additional services (bikes, car sharing, etc.), optimised connections and simpler, more complete information.
Conscious of these new sustainable development challenges, RATP is pursuing three courses of action:
- Diversifying its offer with additional “door-to-door” services;
- Making it simpler to use public transport;
- Incorporating eco-mobility considerations in its infrastructure development programmes.
Eco-mobility limits pollution and its effects on health. It also reduces transport costs and improves quality of life in urban areas.
Eco-mobility: a central consideration in new projects
The four new metro stations on the extended lines 4 and 12 will take eco-mobility into account, with:
- Connections with other modes of transport: bus, foot, bicycle (privately owned or hired), car sharing, self-service car rental, car pooling, taxi drop-off, private car, etc.
- The creation of multi-modal information environments concerning all modes of transport available near the station concerned (bus, walking routes for connections, bicycle, car sharing, car pooling meeting points, etc.).
The RATP group is working on a number of fronts to offer “door-to-door” transport solutions:
- RATP is offering local and regional authorities and businesses customised local transport services, such as transport on demand, local services, services for businesses and industrial zones;
- RATP is developing cycle parking provision near its stations (open-air or secure). Bicycles are increasingly being used for short journeys to public transport centres;
- RATP has joined forces with SNCF, Vinci and Avis to develop expertise in the field of car sharing and self-service rental cars and bid for Paris City Council’s “Autolib” service;
- Having already implemented a scheme for its employees, RATP is studying the possibility of developing a car pooling offer to complement its public transport network.
Making public transport simpler to use
Making public transport simpler to use means:
- Optimising inter-modality at stations and interchanges. This involves improving accessibility, facilitating connections and simplifying walking routes between lines… The PDU urban travel plan for Ile-de-France enables RATP to upgrade its stations and interchanges;
- Offering real-time multi-modal information. One of the things customers want most is to be informed in real time. The IMAGE project aims to provide real-time information about multiple modes of transport (bus, metro, RER, tramway) and multiple transport providers (RATP, SNCF, Optile) in public transport networks. The IMAGE project will be particularly useful in disseminating information in the event of disruptions to services. It is being developed as part of the Passenger information master plan being coordinated by STIF, the transport organising authority.