A bold project that will breathe new life into the neighborhood
Located in the north of the 18th arrondissement of Paris, next to Porte de Clignancourt, the Belliard site boasts considerable development potential for the north of Paris. Opened in 1988, the bus depot covers 4 hectares and includes a 1.8-hectare open-air parking area where 230 vehicles are parked every evening, as well as a maintenance workshop. Its industrial purpose will be maintained and, as part of the Bus 2025 Plan, it will be converted to fully electric operation by 2025. On top of this facility, the Linkcity and Brownfields consortium is developing a mixed-use urban project featuring family housing units, a co-living residence, social housing, work areas, shops, a community center and even a 1,600 m² climbing wall!
The project fulfills two objectives:
- Electrifying the buses and the bus depot by the 2nd quarter of 2025, as part of RATP's Bus 2025 plan, which aims to have a 100% green vehicle fleet by 2025 in the Île-de-France region, in accordance with the objectives set by Île-de-France Mobilités. One of the major challenges faced is to carry out all the changes while ensuring bus depot operations during the works and the building program. Indeed, the phasing of the entire work will allow RATP to maintain its operations.
- Developing and optimizing the bus depot site of rue Belliard, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris. A mixed-use real estate project will be built on top of the bus depot and will help revitalize the neighborhood while maintaining bus maintenance and storage activities. A new green square on Rue Championnet, in the extension of Rue de Clignancourt, will provide access to the development.
The currently isolated site will be opened up, brought to life and connected to its surroundings thanks to the real estate project involving approximately 25,000 m² of floor space. It will be very well served by public transportation, with metro lines 4 and 12 as well as the T3b tram.
With housing leasing, open-access housing (including some in the form of co-housing), social and intermediate housing, and a group home, a diverse range of housing types will contribute to the project's uniqueness.
A sustainable project, fully in tune with its environment
A great deal of environmental ambition guides this project, which creates a real plant ecosystem in the city. Numerous accreditations and certifications are being sought, both for the construction and for the operation and comfort of the buildings.
Innovation is particularly evident in the choice of building materials. Approximately 50% of the project is made of wood using various construction methods such as CLT, timber frame walls, prefabricated sections, post and beam, etc., but also other bio-sourced materials.
A solar park spanning approximately 2,000 m² covering part of the bus depot will generate local renewable energy, which can be used to self-power some of the project. Soft mobility is also a major focus, with all exterior areas dedicated to pedestrians and nearly 500 m² of bicycle storage. Numerous accreditations and certifications are being sought, notably for user comfort and environmental quality, but also for energy performance. These include NF habitat HQE and HQE Bâtiments tertiaires, BREEAM, PassivHaus, E+C-, Effinergie+, Biosourcé (level 3) and BiodiverCity® labels, depending on the specifications of each building.
- Second half of 2021: start of infrastructure work for the real estate project and electrification of the bus depot;
- End of 2024: start of work on the various buildings for the real estate project and end of work on the electrification of the bus depot;
- 2026: provisional delivery of the real estate project.
Architects: Marc Mimram Architecture & Ingénierie and JBMN Architectes
Landscaping: Ana Marti-Baron
Environment design office: AMOES
Works: Building infrastructure - Brézillon, a subsidiary of Bouygues Bâtiment Île-de-France / Real estate program - Bouygues Bâtiment Île-de-France
Investor partners (November 2020): RATP Habitat (social housing and group home), In'li (housing leasing and intermediary rental), Kley (co-living), J2R (shops and community premises).
Developers: Linkcity and Brownfields